After the stunning success of my previous Microsoft Paint wizardry, here is another version that incorporates land use. I think you can see how it would be difficult to include the various ultimate goals in here.
Basically, government priorities are a primary determinant in the relative quality of transportation modes, and in land use. These in turn influence the relative quality of life in neighborhoods oriented towards transit, driving, walking or cycling. The relative quality of modes and life in general both influence transportation choice. In turn, transportation choice influences government priorities.